If you are suffering from a toothache in the middle of the night, one may feel the need to look for temporary relief. Luckily, several remedies can help ease the pain even though they are not long-term solutions.
Here are some effective home remedies that you can try before you get to see your dentist.
1. Cold Compress
A cold compress or a pack of ice can be effective in easing a toothache especially if it is a result of an injury or swollen gums.
To do this, one needs to apply an ice pack wrapped around a towel to the affected jaw or the side of the jaw where the affected tooth is for about 15 minutes. Similarly, you can use a bag of frozen peas and wrap it in a towel or soak a small towel in ice water for about 3 minutes.
The application of cold compress helps to constrict the blood vessels and numb the nerves. This causes the flow of blood in the area to slow down and will reduce the pain, swelling, and inflammation.
In addition, doing this for 15 to 20 minute in the evening can also help the person to fall asleep fast. If placing a compress does not relieve the pain, use an ice cube to massage the gums around your aching tooth.
Alternatively, massaging your hand with an ice cube can also help to relieve toothache. Researchers believe that rubbing some ice between your thumb and forefinger stops the pain signals in the brain.
2. Salt Water Rinse
One of the easiest remedies for a transitory toothache is using saltwater to rinse your mouth. Also known as brine wash, saltwater offers great relief for swollen gums and it helps reduce the pain associated with toothache.
Doing a saltwater rinse helps to loosen any debris lodged between the teeth or in the cavities. It also reduces gum inflammation which may be the cause for your toothache.
According to a professor of dentistry at the Mayo Clinic, Thomas Salinas, the saltwater rinse cleanses the tooth area and sucks out the fluid that causes swelling. Besides, it is a great alternative to mouthwash and acts as a natural antiseptic, as it is more gentle and doesn’t irritate the gums and teeth.
In order to make this saline solution, stir a couple of teaspoons of salt in a cup of warm water. Ensure that the salt is completely dissolved and swish the solution in your mouth before spitting it out. As you gargle the brine solution, try to focus your attention on the particular area in your mouth that is experiencing pain.
It is recommended that you use warm water as hot and cold water can be less soothing when you have a toothache. As the warm water soothes the pain, the salt will help to ease the swelling in your gums for a while. This remedy can be repeated as often as possible.
3. Rise with Hydrogen Peroxide
Another remedy that has proven effective is rinsing your mouth with a hydrogen peroxide solution. According to a 2016 study, it was determined that doing a hydrogen peroxide rinse helped to alleviate plaque and symptoms of periodontitis – a gum infection caused by poor oral hygiene.
It is used as an antibacterial mouthwash and is effective for relieving toothache caused by infections. Additionally, it offers temporary relief if the toothache is accompanied by symptoms such as fouls taste and fever.
In order to make this solution, you need to mix 3% hydrogen peroxide in equal parts with water. Swish the solution around the mouth for 30 seconds and spit it out. After spitting, rinse your mouth with plain water several times. Care should be taken when using the hydrogen peroxide mouthwash so as not to swallow it. It is also not advisable to use on children because they have a higher risk of swallowing it.
If you are suffering from a painful toothache, use cloves to temporarily alleviate the pain and swelling. For centuries, clove has been used to treat aches and pain due to its antibacterial and painkilling properties. It is also a highly successful toothache remedy because of its anti-inflammatory and anaesthetic properties.
Clove is an effective remedy as it contains a natural anaesthetics called eugenol. A clinical trial done in 2015 showed that people who used eugenol to their gums after tooth extraction experienced reduced pain and inflammation. Therefore, being a natural remedy, clove can be used to treat toothache and reduce the pain associated with it.
This homemade toothache remedy can be used in two ways – dried cloves or clove oil. For the clove oil remedy, dab a few drops of clove oil on a cotton ball. You can even dilute the mixture by mixing a few drops of clove oil with a couple of drops of olive oil or water. After doing so, rub the cotton ball over the affected area of your gums and tooth. Clove oil can be found at pharmacies or food health stores.
You can also use dried cloves and place them between the aching tooth and the rest of your teeth. This will help to ease the pain of your toothache. Cloves have an unpleasant taste, so for this reason, try not to get the juice or oil of the cloves on your tongue. It is also recommended to speak to your doctor before using cloves and avoid using this remedy if you are pregnant.
5. OTC Painkillers
Over-the-counter painkillers offer temporary relief for mild to moderate toothaches can be given to both children and adults. Although not a permanent solution, pain medications can be used to subdue the pain until you can see a dentist.
For adults, over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen can do the trick while the dentist suggests giving acetaminophen – not aspirin – to children below the age of 16 years. When taking over the counter pain medications, be sure to follow the recommended dosage as instructed on the packaging. Also, ensure that you don’t place the medication against the aching or sore tooth as this can cause a burn to the surrounding gum tissue, resulting in more discomfort.
Garlic is another toothache home remedy that has been widely used throughout the centuries for its powerful medicinal properties. Garlic contains a chemical compound known as allicin, which features strong antibacterial properties. It is, therefore, powerful in killing harmful bacteria in the mouth that cause dental plaque and cavities. Besides, it can act as an effective pain reliever.
To use it, simply chew a clove of garlic and let it sit near the affected tooth. Chewing the garlic releases allicin to the bloodstream and then to the gums where it eases the pain. Alternatively, you can chop bits of garlic and add some salt before applying it to your tooth.
7. Peppermint Tea
Just like cloves, peppermint tea has numbing properties and it can be used to soothe toothaches and numb pain. Researchers indicate that peppermint contains antioxidants and antibacterial compounds.
It also contains menthol as an active ingredient which acts as an antibacterial and has numbing effects. You can choose to use a fresh peppermint leaf or peppermint oil to provide toothache relief.
For this, you need to place one teaspoon of dried peppermint tea in a cup of boiling water and let the concoction steep for 20 minutes. Once it has cooled down, swish the solution in your mouth and swallow it or spit out.
You can also dip a cotton ball in a few drops of peppermint oil and place it on the aching tooth. Another remedy is allowing a used tea bag to chill in the freezer before applying it to your tooth.
Thyme is an essential oil that is common for its medicinal use. Thymol, which is the main component of thyme, has antifungal and antiseptic properties. Because of this, it is used to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.
Thyme also has strong antioxidant and antibacterial properties and can work with other herbs to treat toothaches. It can also be used in conjunction with peppermint to reduce gum swelling and combat the pain associated with it.
To use this essential oil, dilute a few drops of thyme in a few drops of water. Then place a few drops of this mixture on a cotton ball and apply it against the aching tooth. Another method is to add one drop of thyme essential oil to one glass of water and use it as a mouthwash. Swishing the thyme mouthwash is effective in alleviating the pain associated with toothache.
Capsaicin is found in chilli peppers and is what gives the pepper its heat. Besides that, capsaicin is the main chemical compound in cayenne and can act as a great pain reliever. Once it comes into contact with the nerves, it causes numbness which reduces nerve pain.
Adding a couple of drops of cayenne oil to a cotton ball and applying it on the aching tooth will bring some relief. Alternatively, you can chew black pepper which contains natural antibacterial properties that help soothe inflammation.
10. Activated Charcoal
Activated charcoal is derived from carbon and is mainly used in hospitals to treat food poisoning. This is because it can prevent the stomach from absorbing chemicals. However, when it comes to dental pain, activated charcoal has recently been found to alleviate tooth pain and treat other dental infections.
To make an activated charcoal paste, mix 2 teaspoons of activated charcoal powder with water. Use a cotton ball or gauze to apply the paste on the affected area and ensure that the paste surrounds the tooth. Bite down on the paste and allow it to settle for about 5 minutes before washing it off. You can repeat this process up to 5 times every day.
Also referred to as Achillea millefolium, yarrow is a plant that originated from Asia and Europe. Over the years, this plant has been used by Native Americans to offer treatment for conditions like haemorrhoids and allergies.
This herb has also been used to cure fevers and the common cold. It has anti-inflammatory properties and its roots act as a natural anaesthetic. Hence, yarrow is an excellent herbal remedy for relieving toothache.
For exceptional results, apply or rub fresh leaves or roots of yarrow to the teeth or gums. You can as well apply the yarrow oil or chew the yarrow root for quick pain relief.
The body has different pressure points which can be used to ease pain and symptoms associated with various conditions. Similarly, there are different acupressure points for toothaches that help to stop dental pain fast.
Acupressure is an ancient Chinese practice that is widely used to use to soothe muscle pain. Before trying this remedy, you need to identify the different pressure points for toothaches that can be used to reduce the pain.
Once you identify those points, massage the area and apply firm pressure for about 2 minutes. For instance, the small intestine has 18 pressure points which are found on the outside of the nose and eyes and can be used to reduce toothache and tooth decay. The pressure applied signals the body to reduce tension and pain and provides a remedy for blood flow issues.
While you may not be able to completely treat your toothache, these remedies have proven to be effective at alleviating the pain. These home remedies for toothaches have been proven to offer some temporary relief as you wait for your appointment. However, whether or not the remedy works, be sure to see a dentist as soon as possible as the toothache could be as a result of a bigger problem. You may also want to consult with your doctor before using some of the natural remedies since they may cause some reactions.